Wuxia novels do not just make the reader day dream while reading, but to immerse them in the fantasy of great success. And hope that while the readers fantasise, they think of themselves as good people that strive to do all sorts of good deeds, and to think of themselves as patriotic, community-loving, and helping others to be happy. Through their good deeds and enthusiastic contribution, they receive the deep admiration of their love interest.
Wuxia novels are not works on realism. Many critics firmly believe that literary realism is the only acceptable school of thought, and all other movements should rejected. This is akin to saying: Shaolin’s martial arts is great, and all others such as Wudang, Kongtong, Taiji Fist, Bagua Palm, Springing Legs, White Crane style, Karate do, Taekwondo, Judo, boxing, Muay Thai and others should all be abandoned. We advocate pluralism. Since we value Shaolin’s martial arts as the pinnacle in the study of martial arts, we see no harm in other minor schools coexisting. They might not be better than the Shaolin Order, but each has its own way of thinking and construct.
A person who loves Cantonese dishes need not abstain from Beijing, Sichuan, Shandong, Anhui, Hunan, Weiyang, Hangzhou, French, Italian and other different types of cuisines. As the saying goes, “Radish and vegetables, each has its own lover”. There is no need to regard wuxia novels more highly than they deserve, and there is no need to reject them completely. Everything should be apt, that’s all.
I wrote the set of thirty-six books, Collection of Works, between 1955-72, spanning a period of thirteen to fourteen years from start to end. The set of books included twelve novels, two novellas, one novelette, a critical biography of a historical figure, and several historical textual criticism pieces. The publishing process was very strange. Whether it was in Hong Kong, Taiwan, overseas regions, or mainland China, all sorts of copies and unofficial editions were published before the release of the authentic edition, which was verified and authorised by me.
Before the publication of this Joint Publishing edition, only the Baihua Literature And Art Publishing House was authorised by me to release The Book and the Sword in mainland China. They were meticulous in the printing process, and paid the royalties agreed upon in the contract. I paid income tax to comply with laws, and donated the balance to several literary institutions and funded weiqi activities. This was a pleasant experience. All others were unauthorised.
Then, there was the issue of not paying royalties. Many versions were crudely put together with tons of errors. Some borrowed the name Jin Yong to publish wuxia novels. I dare not claim credit for those that were well written. As for those filled with boring fights and obscene descriptions, they inevitably made my unhappy. There were also some publishers that reproduced the works of other Hong Kong or Taiwanese authors under my pen name. I received countless letters from readers to expose the fakes and to express their indignation. I believe once the Joint Publishing edition has gained widespread distribution, it would put a stop to all these immoral acts.
The message of wuxia novels is to know right from wrong, and to be moral and just. They should not go overboard.
Some versions of the copies even claimed that Gu Long, Ni Kuang and I jointly issued a couplet matching challenge with the line, “Ice is colder than iced water”. What a joke. Chinese couplets to adhere to set rules. The final character of the first line of a couplet usually has an oblique tone, so that the second line end with a level tone. However, the word bing has a rising tone, which is a level tone. We would not have come up with such a first line in a couplet match. Many readers from the mainland mailed in their answer to the couplet matching challenge. It was a waste of their time an effort.
To make it easy for readers to differentiate them, I used the first character of my fourteen novels and novellas to form a couplet: “Shooting white deer in the endless drifting snow; Smiling while writing about the divine and chivalrous who leaned on a beautiful lover.”
When I wrote my first novel, I had no idea whether I would write a second novel. When I wrote the second novel, I did not think about what theme the third novel would have, not to mention the book title. Hence, this couplet definitely cannot be considered elegant. “Drifting snow” cannot be matched with “smiling while writing” and “white” and “beautiful” both have oblique tones. However, if I were to issue a couplet matching challenge, there would be complete freedom over the choice of characters, so I would have chosen characters that were meaningful and followed to the rules.
Many readers wrote in with the same question: “Among your novels, which do you consider is the best? Which is your favourite?” I cannot answer this question. When I wrote these novels, I had a wish: “Do not repeat characters, plot, emotions, and even details that have been written before.” Limited by my abilities, this wish did not seem like it was achievable, but I always strived towards this direction.
Generally speaking, this fifteen novels are all different, each infused with my emotions, thoughts, and most importantly, emotions, that I had when I wrote them. I love the good characters in every novel. Their encounters make me feel happy or sad, sometimes very sorrowful. As for the writing technique, I improved in the later years. However, writing skills are not the most crucial. The important elements are the personality and emotions of the writer.
These novels have all been adapted into films and television series in Hong Kong and Taiwan, with some even having three or four different adaptations. Besides these, there were also plays, Beijing operas, Cantonese operas and other types of shows. Hence, the second question from readers: “Which film or television series adaptation do you consider the most successful? Which protagonists in the shows are the most accurate portrayal of the original character?”
The presentation of films and televisions is completely different from novels, so it is very difficult to make a comparison. Television series are longer and thus easier to develop the story, whereas films are greatly restricted. Moreover, reading a novel involves the process of visualising characters by both the author and the reader.
For people who read the same the same novel, the protagonists that appear in their minds might not be the same. This is because aside from the words in the books, readers draw from their personal experiences, personalities, emotions, and preferences. In your heart, you will meld the protagonist with your lover, and the lover of others is surely different from yours. However, film and television fix the appearances of the characters and leave the audience with no room for imagination.